Clip 2 - 1 November 2017 - Law 10

From free kick to yellow card.

Louis Schreuder of the Sharks is getting ready to put then ball into a scrum but before he can do so, the scrum starts moving and the referee freekicks the Blue Bulls. Behind the forwards Schreuder taps the ball and swings round but is immediately faced with Tim Agaba, the Blue Bulls flank. As Schreuder passes, Agaba knocks the ball down and kicks it forward.

The referee penalises Agaba and shows him a yellow card.

Law 21.8 What options the opposing team have at a free kick
(a) Must run from the mark. The opposing team must immediately run towards their own goal line until they are at least 10 metres away from the mark for the free kick, or until they have reached their goal line if that is nearer the mark. If the free kick is in a defending teams in-goal area, the opposing team must immediately run towards their own goal line until they are at least 10 metres away from the mark and not nearer than 5 metres from the goal line.
(b) Must keep running. Even if the free kick is taken and the kicker’s team is playing the ball, opposing players must keep running until they have retired the necessary distance. They must not take part in the game until they have done so.
(c) Kick taken quickly. If the free kick is taken so quickly that opponents have no opportunity to retire, they will not be penalised for this. However, they must continue to retire as described in 21.8 (b) above or until a team-mate who was 10 metres from the mark has run in front of them, before they take part in the game.
(d) Interference. The opposing team must not do anything to delay the free kick or obstruct the kicker. They must not intentionally take, throw or kick the ball out of reach of the kicker or the kicker’s team mates.
Sanction: Any infringement by the opposing team results in a second free kick, awarded 10 metres in front of the mark for the first kick. This mark must not be within 5 metres of the goal line. Any player may take the kick. If the referee awards a second free kick, the second free kick is not taken before the referee has made the mark indicating the place of the free kick.

But in this case the referee changed the free kick into a penalty. Why?

The referee explained his decision. Agaba's action was deliberate with no regard to a well-established law.

Law 10.2 Unfair play
(a) Intentionally Offending. A player must not intentionally infringe any Law of the Game, or play unfairly. The player who intentionally offends must be either admonished, or cautioned that a send off will result if the offence or a similar offence is committed, or sent off.
Sanction: Penalty kick

Hence the upgrade to a penalty kick.

Law 10.5 Sanctions
(a) Any player who infringes any part of the Foul Play Law must be admonished, or cautioned and temporarily suspended for a period of ten minutes’ playing time, or sent-off

And so Agaba went to the sin bin. advert